The unity of the Trinity is central to Christianity. God = Jesus = Spirit = God.
May the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit be with you all. 2 Corinthians 13:14
Today, we look at the third Person of the Trinity, God the Holy Spirit (part C of article two of the Baptist Faith & Message).
C. God the Holy Spirit
The Holy Spirit is the Spirit of God, fully divine. He inspired holy men of old to write the Scriptures. Through illumination He enables men to understand truth. He exalts Christ. He convicts men of sin, of righteousness, and of judgment. He calls men to the Saviour, and effects regeneration. At the moment of regeneration He baptizes every believer into the Body of Christ. He cultivates Christian character, comforts believers, and bestows the spiritual gifts by which they serve God through His church. He seals the believer unto the day of final redemption. His presence in the Christian is the guarantee that God will bring the believer into the fullness of the stature of Christ. He enlightens and empowers the believer and the church in worship, evangelism, and service.
Genesis 1:2; Judges 14:6; Job 26:13; Psalms 51:11; 139:7ff.; Isaiah 61:1-3; Joel 2:28-32; Matthew 1:18; 3:16; 4:1; 12:28-32; 28:19; Mark 1:10,12; Luke 1:35; 4:1,18-19; 11:13; 12:12; 24:49; John 4:24; 14:16-17,26; 15:26; 16:7-14; Acts 1:8; 2:1-4,38; 4:31; 5:3; 6:3; 7:55; 8:17,39; 10:44; 13:2; 15:28; 16:6; 19:1-6; Romans 8:9-11,14-16,26-27; 1 Corinthians 2:10-14; 3:16; 12:3-11,13; Galatians 4:6; Ephesians 1:13-14; 4:30; 5:18; 1 Thessalonians 5:19; 1 Timothy 3:16; 4:1; 2 Timothy 1:14; 3:16; Hebrews 9:8,14; 2 Peter 1:21; 1 John 4:13; 5:6-7; Revelation 1:10; 22:17.
The Holy Spirit is referred to as the Spirit of God (Romans 8:9), the Spirit of Christ (1 Peter 1:11), the Spirit of holiness (Romans 1:4), the Spirit of life (Romans 8:2), the eternal Spirit (Hebrews 9:14), and the Spirit of glory (1 Peter 4:14). He is the “action” of God in the universe and our lives.
Interestingly, the question of equality of the Spirit in the Trinity was one of the issues that split the Roman Catholic Church from the Eastern Orthodox Church in 1054 AD. In the Nicene Creed, which was established in 325, the phrase about the Holy Spirit, “proceeding from the Father,” was given the addition, “and the Son (filioque–>son).” This change to the creed was so inflammatory that they split. A good, quick, informational source on “filioque” is gotquestions.org.
Baptists believe that the Holy Spirit is in equal standing with the Father and the Son. The fact that the Spirit is referred to as “of God,” “of Christ,” “of Jesus Christ (Philippians 1:19),” and “of holiness” attest to the unity of the Trinity. To have one is to have the others. They cannot be separated. The Spirit in us is HOW we have Christ in us and HOW we are sons of God. Neat, huh?
Abba, thank You for Your Spirit in us. The Gift of the Holy Spirit is what restored our relationship with You back to Eden-status. Actually, it’s better than Eden because we can never be separated from You again (Romans 8:31-39). You are awesome, and we are eternally grateful to You. Amen.